Category: Violence In Society

Download Eigendynamische Bürgerkriege: Von der Persistenz und by Stefan Deißler PDF

By Stefan Deißler

Auch im 21. Jahrhundert wird die Welt von lang anhaltenden Bürgerkriegen erschüttert - das aktuellste Beispiel ist der nicht enden wollende Bürgerkrieg in Syrien.

Bis zu Beginn der 1990er Jahre wurden diese innerstaatlichen Kriege zumeist als politisch motivierte Gewaltkonflikte oder Stellvertreterkriege angesehen. Danach setzen sich mit Ende des Kalten Krieges und unter dem Eindruck des Genozids in Ruanda sowie des Bosnienkrieges neue Erklärungsansätze durch, die die flächendeckende Gewalt primär auf Habgiermotive oder traditionelle ethnische Feindschaften zurückführen.

Gegen diese schablonenhaften Deutungsmuster entfaltet Stefan Deißler eine Perspektive, die der vielschichtigen Komplexität des Phänomens Bürgerkrieg näher kommt. Ohne die tragende Rolle der ethnischen, ökonomischen oder politischen sozialen Gruppen zu vernachlässigen, rückt der Autor die kriegführenden Organisationen selbst in den Fokus und unterzieht die Beziehungen zwischen Kombattanten und Zivilisten einer kritischen Betrachtung. Unter Rekurs auf den seit über 50 Jahren währenden Konflikt in Kolumbien und weitere Beispiele weist er nach, dass die selbst ernannten Repräsentanten unterschiedlicher Bevölkerungsgruppen oftmals mit brutaler Gewalt die Kooperation der »Repräsentierten« erzwingen und dass die Bedürfnisse und Interessen der Zivilbevölkerung während der Dauer derartiger Konflikte weitgehend unberücksichtigt bleiben.

Zugleich wird ersichtlich, welcher fatalen Logik das Kriegsgeschehen in vielen Fällen folgt: Zahlreiche innerstaatliche Kriege werden durch immanente Eigendynamiken angetrieben. Die Kriegsparteien nötigen sich wechselseitig zur Fortsetzung des Konflikts oder schaffen kollektiv einen strukturellen Zwang zur kontinuierlichen Wiederholung der Kriegshandlungen. Diese Dynamik zu durchbrechen, ist eine der großen Herausforderungen für die gegenwärtigen Friedensinitiativen.

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Download Con una granada en la boca: Heridas de guerra del by Javier Valdez Cárdenas PDF

By Javier Valdez Cárdenas

Extraordinaria investigación sobre el narcotráfico, sus historias, sus consecuencias, sicarios y víctimas. Del reconocido periodista Javier Valdez Cárdenas.

De Javier Valdez Cárdenas, Premio Internacional a los angeles Libertad de Expresión.

Sin duda, el mejor escritor de México en temas relacionados con el narcotráfico y delincuencia organizada.

Implacable, profundamente humano, sin reparos en los angeles indagación periodística, Javier Valdez Cárdenas es uno de los periodistas sobre narcotráfico más respetados en México. En Con una granada en los angeles boca elabora un recuento de los daños sincero, doloroso y sin reparos en el ofrecimiento de sus testimonios terribles; apoyado en los angeles opinión de analistas y expertos como Ricardo Ravelo, Paco Ignacio Taibo II y Luis Astorga, mezcla el dato duro y los sentimientos de sicarios y víctimas. En estas páginas sus reportajes hablan del dolor de una mujer con una granada en l. a. boca, del hermano perdido en el vicio de los angeles droga o de los angeles humillación a las víctimas por parte de narcos o militares.

Con este libro Javier Valdez confirma por qué su trabajo también es seguido con admiración en el ámbito internacional y cómo su escritura audaz y violenta, sin soslayar el sufrimiento y los angeles entereza de los angeles condición humana, le han dado un sitio de prestigio entre los periodistas latinoamericanos contemporáneos.

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Download Narrating Trauma: On the Impact of Collective Suffering (The by Ronald Eyerman,Jeffrey C. Alexander,Elizabeth Butler Breese PDF

By Ronald Eyerman,Jeffrey C. Alexander,Elizabeth Butler Breese

via case reports that study old and modern crises internationally, the contributing writers to this quantity discover the cultural and social building of trauma. How do a little occasions get coded as annoying and others which look both painful and dramatic no longer? Why do culpable teams frequently get away being classified as perpetrators? those are only a number of the very important questions replied during this assortment. a number of the circumstances analysed comprise Mao's China, the Holocaust, the Katyn bloodbath and the Kosovo trauma. increasing the pioneering cultural method of trauma, this booklet can be of curiosity to students and postgraduate scholars of sociology.

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Download Family Violence in the United States: Defining, by Denise A. Hines,Kathleen M. Malley-Morrison,Leila B. Dutton PDF

By Denise A. Hines,Kathleen M. Malley-Morrison,Leila B. Dutton

wealthy in scholarly references and case fabrics, Family Violence within the usa: Defining, realizing, and struggling with Abuse, moment variation by Denise A. Hines, Kathleen Malley-Morrison, and Leila B. Dutton is a thought-provoking e-book that encourages scholars to query assumptions, evaluation info, formulate hypotheses, and layout suggestions to difficulties of relatives violence within the United States.

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Download Life, Emergent: The Social in the Afterlives of Violence (A by Yasmeen Arif PDF

By Yasmeen Arif

How does an inquiry into existence because it lives (or dies) amid mass violence appear like from the point of view of the “social”? Taking us from Sierra Leone to India to Lebanon, Life, Emergent demanding situations traditional understandings of biopolitics, weaving a politics of existence in the course of the lens of existence, now not death. 

Arguing that the “letting die” section of biopolitics has been overemphasized, Yasmeen Arif zeros in on biopolitics’ different pole: “making live.” She does so by means of highlighting a few of the ability and the sorts of existence configured within the aftermath—or afterlives—of violent occasions in contexts of legislation, justice, neighborhood, and id. Her research of the social repercussions is either worldwide and native in scope. Arif examines the convictions made within the specific courtroom of Sierra Leone, the 1st hybrid courtroom of its nature lower than overseas felony legislation. subsequent, she explores the making of a justice move within the context of Hindu–Muslim violence in 2002 within the kingdom of Gujarat, India. From there she revisits the Sikh carnage in Delhi of 1984. ultimately, she explores a span of civil violence in Lebanon, and especially, its results at the urban of Beirut. 

This conscientiously argued e-book brings jointly a number of the strands of lifestyles and the social that every bankruptcy has disentangled—and in doing so it starts off to border a politics of, and in, life. 

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Download Understanding Conflict and Change in a Multicultural World by H. Roy Kaplan PDF

By H. Roy Kaplan

Learning concerning the historical past of cultural clash is helping academics lessen it in study rooms. This booklet exhibits our universal origins and reports assets of clash within the former Yugoslavia, Northern eire, and the center East. It finds how prejudice and stereotypes approximately racial and spiritual minorities create difficulties in our colleges.

Beginning with the human exodus out of Africa 60,000 years in the past, rigidity arose between ethnic teams separated by means of geographic boundaries. adjustments in inhabitants, immigration, paintings and the function of faith are growing clashes in society and schools.

Students from assorted cultural backgrounds are being thrown jointly as mass transportation and telecommunications curb our international. Inclusive school rooms with respectful studying environments will be completed after we determine the resources of hysteria that separate and divide us. scholars are extra alike than diverse. figuring out approximately our universal beginning and demanding situations may help academics turn into extra effective.

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Download The Logic of Political Conflict in Medieval Cities: Italy by Patrick Lantschner PDF

By Patrick Lantschner

This quantity lines the good judgment of city political clash in past due medieval Europe's so much seriously urbanized areas, Italy and the Southern Low international locations. The fourteenth and 15th centuries are usually linked to the expanding consolidation of states, yet even as additionally they observed excessive degrees of political clash and insurrection in towns that themselves have been an enduring historical past of this era. In frequently considerably other ways, clash constituted a crucial
part of political lifestyles within the six towns studied for this ebook: Bologna, Florence, and Verona, in addition to Liège, Lille, and Tournai. The good judgment of Political clash in Medieval towns argues that such conflicts, instead of subverting traditional political existence, have been crucial gains of the political
systems that built in towns. Conflicts have been embedded in a polycentric political order characterised by means of a number of political devices and bases of association, starting from guilds to exterior agencies.

In this multi-faceted and transferring context, overdue medieval urban dwellers built specific techniques of legitimating clash, varied modes of behaviour, and diverse types of organization in which clash will be addressed. whilst, various configurations of those political devices gave upward thrust to precise structures of clash which diverse from urban to urban. throughout most of these towns, clash lay on the foundation of a unique type of political organization-and represents the nodal
point round which this political and social heritage of towns is written.

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Download Policing and Human Rights: The Meaning of Violence and by Julia Hornberger PDF

By Julia Hornberger

Policing and Human Rights analyses the implementation of human rights criteria, tracing them from the nodal issues in their construction in Geneva, through the board rooms of nationwide police administration and coaching amenities, to the streets of downtown Johannesburg. This booklet bargains with how the unheard of impression of human rights, mixed with the shortcoming by way of law enforcement officials to ‘live up’ to overseas criteria, has created more than a few policing and human rights vernaculars – hybrid discourses that experience appropriated, transmogrified and undercut human rights. Understood as an try out through cops, up to via the police as a complete, to get well a place from which to behave and to pass judgement on, those vernaculars show the compromised ways that human rights are – and are not – implemented. Tracing how, in South Africa, human rights have given upward push to new kinds of renowned justice, casual ‘private’ policing and provisional defense preparations, Policing and Human Rights can provide an important analysis of how the dissemination and implementation of human rights intersects with the post-colonial and post-transformation situations that characterise many nations within the South.

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Download Black Vanguards and Black Gangsters: From Seeds of by Steven R. Cureton PDF

By Steven R. Cureton

Black Vanguards and Black Gangsters: From Seeds of Discontent to a assertion of struggle examines the level to which black gangsterism is a fabricated from civil rights profits, neighborhood transition, black flight, social activism, and failed grassroots social flow teams. regrettably, the voice of the ghetto was once politically tempered, silenced, overlooked, and from time to time rebuked via a black management that appeared to be preoccupied with a middle-class integrationist schedule. therefore, a as soon as powerful experience of common brotherhood turned fractured and the temper of the oppressed shifted to confusion in basic terms to be tempered through relentless frustration, out of which emerged black gangs.

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