Category: General European Biographies

Download Crowns, Crosses, and Stars: My Youth in Prussia, Surviving by Sibylle Sarah, Baroness von Sell Niemoeller PDF

By Sibylle Sarah, Baroness von Sell Niemoeller

this can be the tale of a awesome lifestyles and a trip, from the privileged global of Prussian aristocracy, during the horrors of global battle II, to excessive society within the tv age of postwar the US. it's also an account of a religious voyage, from a standard Christian upbringing, via marriage to Pastor Martin Niemoeller, to conversion to Judaism. Born throughout the turbulent days of the Weimar Republic, the writer used to be the goddaughter of Kaiser Wilhelm II (to whom her father used to be monetary advisor). in the course of her teenage years, she witnessed the increase of the 3rd Reich and her family’s resistance to it, culminating of their involvement in “Operation Valkyrie,” the ill-fated try to assassinate Hitler and shape a brand new executive. At war’s finish, she labored with British Intelligence to discover Nazis leaders. holding a promise to her father, she left Germany for a brand new lifestyles within the usa within the Nineteen Fifties, operating for NBC and elevating her son within the fascinating global of latest York, purely to come back to Germany because the spouse of Martin Niemoeller, the voice of non secular resistance through the 3rd Reich and of German guilt and sense of right and wrong within the postwar a long time. Upon her husband’s dying in 1984 she lower back to the US, after having switched over to Judaism in London, and grew to become another web page by way of turning into an lively public speaker and writer. The name displays a narrative of 3 components: “Crowns,” the realm of the Aristocracy during which the writer was once raised; “Crosses,” her lifestyles with Martin Niemoeller and his battles with the 3rd Reich; and “Stars,” the non secular trip that introduced her to Judaism.

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Download Henri IV of France: His Reign and Age by Vincent J. Pitts PDF

By Vincent J. Pitts

Vincent J. Pitts chronicles the lifestyles and occasions of 1 of France's so much extraordinary kings within the first English-language biography of Henri IV to be released in twenty-five years. An unwelcome inheritor to the throne, Henri governed over a state laid low with spiritual civil struggle and political and monetary instability. via the tip of his reign in 1610 he had pacified his warring kingdom, restored its prosperity, and reclaimed France's position as a number one strength in Europe. Pitts attracts upon the wealthy scholarship of contemporary a long time to inform the fascinating tale of this pivotal French king.

From boyhood, Henri used to be destined to be chief and protector of the Huguenot flow in France. He served as leader of the Calvinist social gathering and fought for the Huguenot forces within the bloody Wars of faith sooner than a rare series of dynastic mishaps left the Protestant warlord subsequent in line for the French crown. Henri used to be pressured to give up his religion in aid of his declare to the Catholic throne and to unite his deeply divided kingdom. A grasp of political maneuvering, Henri restored order to a rustic within the throes of serious non secular, political, and financial upheaval. He used to be assassinated in 1610 by way of a Catholic zealot.

Vincent Pitts expertly recounts this historical past and assuredly untangles its complicated set of personalities and occasions. Pitts engages the huge quantity of literature on the subject of the king himself in addition to the big physique of contemporary scholarship on France in this time. the result's a desirable biography of a French king and a finished historical past of sixteenth-century France.

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Download A Final Reckoning: A Hannover Family's Life and Death in the by Ruth Gutmann,Kenneth Waltzer PDF

By Ruth Gutmann,Kenneth Waltzer

Ruth Herskovits Gutmann’ s strong memoir recounts her lifestyles not just as a focus camp inmate and survivor, but in addition as a sister and daughter. Born in 1928, Gutmann and her dual sister, Eva, escaped the growing to be Nazi hazard in Germany on a Kindertransport to Holland in 1939. The fake expectation of being allowed to immigrate to Cuba as a kinfolk led her father, Samuel Herskovits, to convey the twins again to Hannover in 1941. instead of obtain trip visas, notwithstanding, they, their father, and their stepmother, Mania, have been arrested and deported first to Thereisenstadt after which Auschwitz-Birkenau. After their mom and dad have been killed, the ladies spent the rest of the battle in different different camps.


Gutmann’ s compelling tale captures many elements of the Jewish adventure in Nazi Germany. She describes her formative years in Hannover because the daughter of a fashionable and patriotic member of the Jewish group. Her flight at the Kindertransport deals a brilliant, firsthand account of that attempt to save lots of the youngsters of Jewish households. Her stories of the camps comprise coming to the eye of Josef Mengele, who frequently used twins in human experiments. Gutmann writes with relocating readability and nuance concerning the advanced emotions of survivorship.


Gutmann paints a multifaceted portrait of her father, Samuel. a pacesetter within the Jewish group of Hannover, he was once cajoled, coerced, and finally compelled to speak with and cooperate with Nazi and public officers. Gutmann makes use of her personal thoughts in addition to years of mirrored image and educational research to reevaluate his position of their neighborhood. A ultimate Reckoning offers not just insights into Gutmann’ s personal event as a toddler in the course of the atrocities of the Holocaust, but in addition a window into the lives of these, like her father, who have been pressured to hold on and agree to the regime that may finally result in their demise.

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Download Journey to the Abyss: The Diaries of Count Harry Kessler, by Harry Kessler,Laird Easton PDF

By Harry Kessler,Laird Easton

those attention-grabbing, never-before-published early diaries of count number Harry Kessler—patron, museum director, writer, cultural critic, soldier, undercover agent, and diplomat—present a sweeping landscape of the humanities and politics of Belle Époque Europe, a glittering global poised to be replaced irrevocably via the nice battle. Kessler’s immersion within the new artwork and literature of Paris, London, and Berlin unfolds within the first a part of the diaries. This subtle international provides method to shiny descriptions of the awful struggling with at the jap and Western fronts of worldwide battle I, the fascinating inner most discussions one of the German political and armed forces elite concerning the development of the struggle, in addition to Kessler’s account of his function as a diplomat with a mystery undertaking in Switzerland.
Profoundly sleek and infrequently prescient, Kessler used to be an erudite cultural impresario and catalyst who as a cofounder of the avant-garde magazine Pan met and contributed articles approximately some of the major artists and writers of the day. In 1903 he grew to become director of the Grand Ducal Museum of Arts and Crafts in Weimar, decided to make it a middle of aesthetic modernism with his buddy the architect Henry van de Velde, whose tuition of layout could ultimately turn into the Bauhaus. while a public scandal compelled his resignation in 1906, Kessler grew to become to different tasks, together with taking part with the Austrian author Hugo von Hofmannsthal and the German composer Richard Strauss at the opera Der Rosenkavalier and the ballet The Legend of Joseph, which used to be played in 1914 by way of the Ballets Russes in London and Paris. In 1913 he based the Cranach-Presse in Weimar, essentially the most very important inner most presses of the 20th century.
The diaries current fabulous, sharply etched, and infrequently richly comical descriptions of his encounters, conversations, and artistic collaborations with essentially the most celebrated humans of his time: Otto von Bismarck, Paul von Hindenburg, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Richard Strauss, Igor Stravinsky, Sergei Diaghilev, Vaslav Nijinsky, Isadora Duncan, Ruth St. Denis, Sarah Bernhardt, Friedrich Nietzsche, Rainer Marie Rilke, Paul Verlaine, Gordon Craig, George Bernard Shaw, Harley Granville-Barker, Max Klinger, Arnold Böcklin, Max Beckmann, Aristide Maillol, Auguste Rodin, Edgar Degas, Éduard Vuillard, Claude Monet, Edvard Munch, Ida Rubinstein, Gabriele D’Annunzio, Pierre Bonnard, and Walther Rathenau, between others.
Remarkably insightful, poignant, and cinematic of their scope, Kessler’s diaries are a useful checklist of 1 of the main unstable and seminal moments in sleek Western history.

From the Hardcover edition.

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Download Heinrich VIII.: Der König und sein Gewissen (Beck'sche by Sabine Appel PDF

By Sabine Appel

Heinrich VIII. mit seinen sechs Frauen, von denen er zwei aufs Schafott brachte, wird gern als Wüstling und blutrünstiger Gewaltherrscher porträtiert. Sabine Appel betrachtet ihn in ihrer Biographie in ungewohnterem Licht: als humanistisch gebildeten, vielfach talentierten, theologisch versierten und religiösen Mann, dessen Gewissensnöte, oftmals Zeichen eines erstaunlichen Selbstbetrugs, indessen zu weitreichenden Umstürzen mit beträchtlichen Kollateralschäden führten. Die charismatische, aber auch verhängnisvolle Figur dieses Monarchen wird vor dem Hintergrund seiner Zeit und der speziellen Geschichte der Tudor-Dynastie gezeichnet, deren größtes challenge der Selbsterhalt und die Nachfolge struggle. Die Lebenserzählung ist intensiv mit der Geistesgeschichte verwoben. Werk und Entwicklung von Thomas extra, Erasmus oder dem frühen Luther kommen ebenso zur Sprache wie Heinrichs eigene theologische Ambitionen und Beiträge.

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Download Edward the Elder: 899-924 by N.J. Higham,D.H. Hill PDF

By N.J. Higham,D.H. Hill

Edward the Elder, son and successor of King Alfred, was once one of many maximum architects of the English country and but is among the so much overlooked kings of English historical past. in the course of his 24-year reign, Edward led a chain of winning campaigns opposed to the Vikings and by the point of his loss of life managed such a lot of southern and midland England, along with his impact additionally felt in Wales and the north. Edward the Elder is a well timed reassessment of his reign and is helping to revive this ruler to his rightful position in English history.
The interval of Edward's reign is particularly missing in basic fabrics for historians. yet through drawing upon resources as various as literature, archaeology, cash and textiles, this e-book brings jointly a wealthy number of scholarship to provide new perception into the area of Edward the Elder. With this wealth of views, Edward the Elder bargains a wide photograph of Edward's reign and his relation to the politics and tradition of the Anglo-Saxon period.

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Download The decline and fall of the dukes of Leinster, 1872–1948: by Terence Dooley PDF

By Terence Dooley

This e-book tells the tale of the decline and fall of Ireland’s most excellent aristocratic family members – the dukes of Leinster – who, for nearly three hundred years, lived amidst wonderful splendour of their grand Palladian mansion, Carton condo, Co. Kildare.

From the 1870s they have been engulfed by way of private and non-private occasions: Land battle, domestic Rule, the nice conflict, revolution, international financial cave in, disappointment and insanity, the implications of the attractive Hermione, fifth duchess of Leinster’s extra-marital affair and a profligate seventh duke.

The tale strikes from the little Irish city of Maynooth to London to continental Europe and the USA prior to returning to Carton. In its epic scope it encapsulates the explanations for the decline and fall of such a lot of Irish and British aristocratic dynasties.

Terence Dooley is affiliate professor and director of the Centre for the examine of ancient Irish homes and Estates, nationwide college of eire, Maynooth. he's the writer of numerous books on nation homes and the land query in 19th- and twentieth-century Ireland.

‘A attention-grabbing saga, stated with verve during this book', Diarmaid Ferriter, Irish occasions (June 2014).

‘I can't show how a lot I enjoyed the tale … bankruptcy 3 is termed “The marriage of Gerald and woman Hermione Duncombe, 1884” and the evidence that encompass this marriage, and the next decline of Carton condominium and its citizens, are the place I received sucked in and will now not positioned the e-book down! … throughout the ebook we're instructed of royal connections, info of marriage ceremony offers for the newly married couple, events held in honour of coming of age birthdays, journeys in another country to discover compatible better halves, lavish expenditure and the excessive existence that at last stuck up with the FitzGeralds. We additionally get to determine what quantity of money used to be spent throughout those years … own letters are dotted in the course of the major tale … it truly is outstanding how one relatives went via a lot tragedy and heartbreak … when you take pleasure in old fiction, tales of the large condominium or the likes of Downton Abbey, this booklet will knock your socks off … this ebook is of very prime quality and includes many attractive photographs spanning the total tale. a gorgeous variation that is bound to develop into a creditors edition’, Margaret Madden, Bleach condominium Library (May 2014).

‘In his most recent paintings Terence Dooley will get up shut and private with the lives, loves and problems of Ireland’s most appropriate aristocratic kinfolk, the FitzGeralds, dukes of Leinster, in the course of the tumultuous interval from the 1870s onwards … Dooley attracts on a wealthy seam of basic resource fabric so that it will supply an intimate and revealing portrait of a number of key kinfolk over a number of generations … it is a compelling narrative which mixes empathy with shut recognition to aspect … This publication is elegantly written; it manages to accomplish a stability among compelling biography and extra severe old research. whereas protecting time-honored floor when it comes to the political problem to landlordism represented via the Land League and residential Rule and the commercial influence of land reform and the breakup of landed estates, the unique contribution of this booklet lies within the shut exam of the effect those advancements had on one specific family members and property, mixed with an perception into the extra own difficulties confronted by way of a variety of generations of this relatives over this era. Key relatives occasions corresponding to comings-of-age are used successfully as issues at which to pause and discover the wider political, social and financial panorama of the area that existed outdoor the demesne partitions of Carton … it's a compelling story, well-told’, Olwen Purdue, Irish Literary complement (Fall 2015).

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Download The Thirty-Six by Siegmund Siegreich PDF

By Siegmund Siegreich

Do i think within the Thirty-Six? i think in miracles.

Sigi had simply grew to become 15 and was once residing a carefree lifestyles in Poland whilst WWII used to be declared. inside days, Germany crossed the Polish border and randomly, to say their intentions, exterminated Jews and Poles. The Siegreich kin relocated extra into Poland, to Bedzin, hoping the warfare might move fast.

It was once to not be. Their educate enroute to their new domestic used to be attacked they usually misplaced lots of their property, and a few neighbors. inside days of establishing in Bedzin, whereas out buying meals Sigi was once picked up by means of German infantrymen and brought off with different Polish voters the place he used to be pressured to dig a wide trench. The German infantrymen then shot the Polish males, one after the other. within the first miracle of his lifestyles, Sigi used to be stored by way of a guy who grabbed him and threw him into the ditch ahead of him. And Sigi's new lifetime of horror, discomfort, drudgery, miracles and adventures begun.

Sigi went directly to lead the main amazing existence as a way to live on. working a bicycle courier carrier among Jewish ghettos in Poland, escaping from his first workcamp, operating with the Polish resistance and, hardest of all, being back to a different workcamp the place he used to be in a position to use his activity within the armaments manufacturing unit to sabotage the German munitions. the following he additionally fell in love with Hanka who helped him live to tell the tale his final interval within the workcamp whilst he was once compelled into hiding.

Only simply twenty while his camp was once eventually liberated through the Russians in 1945, he and Hanka decided to dwell a lifetime of happiness and love. It has taken greater than six many years for Sigi Siegreich on the way to seek advice from his young children and grandchildren approximately his existence in wartime Poland - the lifetime of a privileged younger Jewish boy who witnessed heinous acts of inhumanity he'll always remember, yet was once additionally - repeatedly - touched via miracles.

The Thirty-Six tells of Sigi's mind-blowing survival and the great and undesirable he observed of existence and humanity in Poland in the course of WWII.

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Download Abandoning America: Life-stories from early New England by Susan Hardman Moore PDF

By Susan Hardman Moore

selection awesome educational Title

Abandoning America brings jointly the biographies of thousands of people that crossed over to New England within the 1630s yet later braved the Atlantic back to come domestic. a few went again speedy, disappointed or discouraged. Many invested every little thing to make New England successful, but after ten or two decades resolved to go away the USA - opposed to a backdrop of civil conflict and Cromwell's commonwealth in England, and private dilemmas approximately kinfolk ties, healthiness and customers. The e-book retrieves their forgotten life-stories from millions of scattered fragments of facts in early New England files and British information, usually ranging from a few incidental, passing, reference. the results of this scholarly detective paintings is a awesome and evocative number of own histories, of individuals missed within the onward march of yankee heritage. Their anxieties and aspirations converse eloquently in regards to the event of being a brand new Englander, when you stayed on in addition to in the event you left.
The booklet strains settlers' lives with an eye fixed to the data historians search for. it's a wealthy unique source for students of early the USA and the English Revolution - for examine on faith in England and New England, Atlantic migration, and masses more.

Susan Hardman Moore is from the college of Divinity on the collage of Edinburgh.

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Download Trotsky (Routledge Historical Biographies) by Ian D. Thatcher PDF

By Ian D. Thatcher

This new biography offers an entire account of Leon Trotsky's political lifestyles, established upon a wealth of fundamental assets, together with formerly unpublished material.

Ian D. Thatcher paints a brand new photo of Trotsky's status in Russian and international heritage. Key myths approximately Trotsky's heroic paintings as a progressive, specifically in Russia's first revolution of 1905 and the Russian Civil warfare, are thrown into query. even though Trotsky had a restricted realizing of the most important modern occasions comparable to Hitler's upward thrust to strength, he used to be a massive philosopher and flesh presser, no longer least as a trenchant critic of Stalin's model of communism.

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