Category: Civil Rights Liberties

Download Religious Freedom in America: Constitutional Roots and by Allen D. Hertzke,Kyle Harper,Roger Finke,Steven K. PDF

By Allen D. Hertzke,Kyle Harper,Roger Finke,Steven K. Green,Charles C. Haynes,Thomas S. Kidd,Robert Martin,Vincent Phillip Muñoz,Rajdeep Singh,Harry F. Tepker,Asma T. Uddin,Robin Fretwell Wilson

All american citizens, liberal or conservative, spiritual or now not, can agree that non secular freedom, anchored in moral sense rights, is foundational to the U.S. democratic test. yet what freedom of sense of right and wrong skill, what its scope and bounds are, in accordance with the Constitution—these are concerns for heated debate. At a second while such questions loom ever better within the nation’s contentious politics and fraught policy-making approach, this well timed booklet deals priceless historic, empirical, philosophical, and analytical perception into the yank constitutional history of non secular liberty.

because the individuals to this interdisciplinary quantity attest, knowing non secular freedom calls for taking a number of views. The historians consultant us throughout the legacy of non secular freedom, from the nation’s founding and the increase of public schooling, throughout the waves of immigration that further successive layers of variety to American society. The social scientists talk about the fast, impressive results of judicial choice making and the battles over loose workout in a fancy, bureaucratic society. Advocates remind us of the tensions abiding in colleges and different standard associations, and of the most important function minorities play in shaping loose workout lower than our constitutional regime. And the jurists emphasize that this can be a messy zone of constitutional legislations. Their paintings brings out the conflicts inherent in studying the 1st Amendment—tensions among loose workout and disestablishment, among the legislative and judicial branches of presidency, and alongside the advanced and ever-shifting barriers of faith, nation, and society.

What emerges such a lot truly from those essays is how important spiritual liberty is to America’s civic fabric—and how, less than expanding strain from either non secular and secular forces, this primary modification freedom calls for our complete realization and understanding.

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Download The Rise of Surveillance by Air University Maxwell Air Force Base PDF

By Air University Maxwell Air Force Base

a few contemporary congressional commissions have reviewed the Intelligence Community‘s organizations concerned with space-based intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR). long ago, options for a few kind of merger regarding the nationwide safeguard organization (NSA), nationwide Reconnaissance place of work (NRO) and the nationwide Imagery and Mapping supplier (NIMA) were proposed so that it will almost certainly enhance space-based ISR functionality. The Joint employees has additionally lately requested no matter if this feature may be pursued. in line with ancient examine and a survey of the overall subject literature, this paper argues merger among those 3 firms won't enhance the present space-based ISR functionality simply because its difficulties aren‘t concerning constitution. as an alternative, the basis difficulties are as a result of a lacking space-based surveillance device and a altering details technique. This paper recommends following the tips from the most recent 4 congressional commissions from the November 2000 via January 2001 time-frame that suggest merging the NRO with the Air strength area efforts and targeting constructing and deploying an area established surveillance method because the best option to increase space-based ISR performance.

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Download Defending Rights in Contemporary China (Routledge/Asian by Jonathan Benney PDF

By Jonathan Benney

The progress of rights defence events in China displays the expanding skill of chinese language electorate to form their very own civic discourse so one can in attaining assorted targets. Rights defence campaigns have taken novel kinds that are extraordinary in China, together with using the web by way of rights campaigners, the advance of rights marketers, and the choice of representatives and leaders in rights defence campaigns.



Defending Rights in modern China bargains the 1st finished research of the emergence and improvement of notions of rights defence, or weiquan, in China. additional, it indicates that rights defence campaigns replicate the altering lives and priorities of chinese language voters, either city and rural, and the altering distribution of strength in China. The chinese language govt first used rights defence to advertise the legislation and safeguard the rights of the vulnerable. however the use of rights defence techniques by means of inner most electorate, and legal professionals additionally demonstrates altering energy constructions – in parts as diversified as deepest estate rights, rights for the handicapped, corruption claims and grievances with officers. during this booklet, Jonathan Benney argues that the belief of rights defence has long past from being a device of the govt. to being a device to assault the party-state, and explores the results of this debatable activist movement.



This booklet bargains crucial perception into the advance of rights in modern China and should be hugely correct for college kids, students and experts in criminal advancements in Asia in addition to somebody drawn to social events in China.

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Download War Crimes Tribunals and Transitional Justice: The Tokyo by Madoka Futamura PDF

By Madoka Futamura

Advocates of the ‘Nuremberg legacy’ emphasize the confident impression of the individualization of accountability and the institution of an ancient checklist via judicial approaches for ‘war crimes’. This legacy has been brought up within the context of the institution and operation of the UN advert hoc overseas felony Tribunals within the Nineteen Nineties, in addition to for the overseas felony courtroom.


The challenge with this legacy, even if, is that it truly is established exclusively at the event of West Germany. moreover, the influence of the strategy on post-conflict society has now not been empirically tested. This e-book does this by way of studying the Tokyo Trial, the opposite foreign army Tribunal validated after the second one international struggle, and its impression on post-war Japan. Madoka Futamura examines the fast- and long term influence of the foreign army Tribunal for the a long way East (the Tokyo Trial), on post-war Japan, as a way to increase the certainty of and method for ongoing overseas conflict crimes tribunals.


War Crimes Tribunals and Transitional Justice may be of a lot curiosity to scholars of warfare crimes, foreign legislation, transitional justice and diplomacy in general.

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Download Reflections on Anti-Semitism by Alain Badiou,Eric Hazan PDF

By Alain Badiou,Eric Hazan

Dissecting how facile accusations of “anti-Semitism” are used to stifle dissent.

Since the inception of the “War on Terror”, Israel has develop into more and more vital to Western imperial procedure and ever extra competitive in its guidelines in the direction of the Palestinians.  A key ideological weapon during this improvement is the cynical and unjustified accusation of ‘anti-Semitism’ to silence protest and dissent.

For ancient purposes, this tactic has been deployed so much forcefully in France, and within the first of the 2 essays during this ebook French writers Alain Badiou and Eric Hazan demolish the ‘anti-Semitism is all over’ declare used to bludgeon critics of the Israeli kingdom and those that stand in unity with the ‘banlieue’ formative years. In “The Philo-Semitic Reaction”, Ivan Segré undertakes a meticulous deconstruction of a rampant reactionary pattern that identifies Jewish pursuits with the ‘democratic’ West.  Segré’s objective is to uphold a universalist place and to safeguard Jewish culture from Zionist ideological distortion.

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Download Imagined Sovereignties: The Power of the People and Other by Kevin Olson PDF

By Kevin Olson

pursuits just like the Arab Spring, Occupy Wall highway, and the Tea occasion include a few of our private intuitions approximately well known politics and 'the strength of the people'. in addition they divulge tensions and shortcomings in our figuring out of those beliefs. We often see 'the humans' as having a unique, sovereign energy. regardless of the centrality of this concept in our pondering, we've little figuring out of why it has such value. Imagined Sovereignties probes the significant strength that 'the humans' routines on our suggestion and perform. just like the imagined groups defined by means of Benedict Anderson, renowned politics is shaped round shared, imaginary constructs rooted in our collective mind's eye. This publication investigates those 'imagined sovereignties' in a family tree traversing the French Enlightenment, the Haitian Revolution, and nineteenth-century Haitian constitutionalism. It problematizes taken-for-granted principles approximately well known politics and provokes new methods of imagining the ability of the people.

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Download The Politics of Social Exclusion in India: Democracy at the by Harihar Bhattacharyya,Partha Sarkar,Angshuman Kar PDF

By Harihar Bhattacharyya,Partha Sarkar,Angshuman Kar

Social exclusion and inclusion stay problems with primary value to democracy. either exclusion and inclusion relate to the entry to participation within the public realm, public items and providers for sure teams of people that are minorities, marginalized and disadvantaged. Democratization has ended in the inclusion of the formerly excluded within the political technique. whereas the issues of exclusion stay even in complicated Western nations in appreciate of the minorities of types, and the underprivileged, the matter of deep-rooted social and cultural exclusions is acute in post-colonial international locations, together with India.  This ebook analyses social exclusions in India, which stay the main sturdy demanding situations to Indian democracy and improvement. Communal clashes, ethnic riots, political secessionist hobbies and extremist violence happen virtually regularly, and are the outward manifestations of the entrenched tradition of social exclusion in India. With its interdisciplinary technique, the booklet appears to be like on the multidimensional difficulties of social exclusion and inclusion, supplying a severe, finished research of the matter and of capability suggestions. The authors are specialists within the fields of historic sociology, anthropology, political concept, social philosophy, economics and indigenous vernacular literature. total, the booklet bargains an cutting edge theoretical point of view of the long term concerns dealing with modern Indian democracy.

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Download The Closing of the Liberal Mind: How Groupthink and by Kim R. Holmes PDF

By Kim R. Holmes

A former U.S. Assistant Secretary of kingdom and presently a exceptional Fellow on the historical past starting place, Kim R. Holmes surveys the country of liberalism in the US this present day and unearths that it truly is changing into its opposite—illiberalism—abandoning the precepts of open-mindedness and appreciate for person rights, liberties, and the guideline of legislation upon which the rustic was once based, and turning into as a substitute an illiberal, rigidly dogmatic ideology that abhors dissent and stifles loose speech. Tracing the recent illiberalism traditionally to the novel Enlightenment, a circulation that confounded the vintage liberal principles of the reasonable Enlightenment that have been in demand within the American Founding, Holmes argues that today’s liberalism has forsaken its American roots, incorporating as an alternative the authoritarian, anti-clerical, and anti-capitalist prejudices of the novel and principally ecu Left. the result's a final of the yankee liberal brain. the place as soon as freedom of speech and expression have been sacrosanct, at the present time liberalism employs speech codes, set off warnings, boycotts, and shaming rituals to stifle freedom of concept, expression, and motion. it really is now not applicable to name it liberalism in any respect, yet illiberalism—a set of principles in politics, govt, and pop culture that more and more displays authoritarian or even anti-democratic values, and that is devising new recommendations of exclusiveness to cast off convinced rules and folks from the political method. even if illiberalism has consistently been a temptation for American liberals, lurking within the radical fringes of the Left, it truly is at the present time the dominant ideology of innovative liberal circles. This makes it a brand new possibility not just to the as soon as venerable culture of liberalism, yet to the yank kingdom itself, which wishes a potential liberal culture that pursues social and monetary equality whereas respecting person liberties.

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Download Writing on the Wall: Selected Prison Writings of Mumia by Mumia Abu Jamal,Johanna Fernandez PDF

By Mumia Abu Jamal,Johanna Fernandez

"Revolutionary love, innovative reminiscence and innovative research are at paintings in each web page written by means of Mumia Abu-Jamal … His writings are a serious warning call. he's a voice from our prophetic culture, talking to us right here, now, lovingly, urgently. Black guy, old-school jazz guy, freedom fighter, revolutionary—his presence, his voice, his phrases are the writing at the wall."—Cornel West, from the foreword

From the 1st slave writings to modern hip hop, the canon of African American literature deals a strong counter-narrative to dominant notions of yank tradition, historical past and politics. Resonant with voices of prophecy and resistance, the African American literary culture runs deep with emancipatory currents that experience had an indelible effect at the usa and the realm. Mumia Abu-Jamal has been one in every of our most crucial individuals to this canon for many years, writing from the confines of the U.S. legal method to provide voice to these so much silenced by way of persistent racism, impoverishment and injustice.

Writing at the Wall is a variety of greater than a hundred formerly unpublished essays that carry Mumia Abu-Jamal's crucial views on group, politics, energy, and the probabilities of social switch within the usa. From Rosa Parks to Edward Snowden, from the path of Tears to Ferguson, Missouri, Abu-Jamal addresses a sweeping diversity of latest and old concerns. Written in general in the course of his years of solitary confinement on dying Row, those essays are a testomony to Abu-Jamal's usually prescient perception, and his progressive viewpoint brims with desire, encouragement and profound religion within the probability of redemption.

"Greatness meets us during this booklet, and never simply in Mumia's own braveness and personality. it really is within the writing. this can be paintings with political energy, hard institutional injustice within the U.S. whereas catalyzing our realizing, reminiscence and solidarities for liberation and love. Writing at the Wall can set the state aflame—yes, for developing new attainable worlds."—Mark Lewis Taylor, Professor of Theology and tradition, Princeton Theological Seminary

Mumia Abu-Jamal is an award-winning journalist and writer of 2 best-selling books, Live From demise Row and Death Blossoms.

Johanna Fernández is a Fulbright pupil and Professor of heritage at Baruch university in long island City.

Cornel West is a pupil, thinker, activist and writer of over a dozen books together with his bestseller, Race concerns. He seems to be usually within the media, and has seemed on Real Time with invoice Maher, The Colbert Report, CNN and C-Span in addition to Tavis Smiley.

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Download The Smart Culture: Society, Intelligence, and Law (Critical by Robert L. Hayman Jr. PDF

By Robert L. Hayman Jr.

What precisely is intelligence? Is it social fulfillment? specialist good fortune? Is it good judgment? Or the quantity on an IQ test?

Interweaving attractive narratives with dramatic case reviews, Robert L. Hayman, Jr., has written a background of intelligence that may ceaselessly switch the way in which we predict approximately who's clever and who's now not. to provide weight to his statement that intelligence isn't easily an inherent attribute yet really one that displays the pursuits and predispositions of these doing the measuring, Hayman strains a number of campaigns to categorise human intelligence. His journey takes us throughout the early craniometric circulation, eugenics, the advance of the IQ, Spearman's "general" intelligence, and more moderen works claiming a genetic foundation for intelligence differences.

What Hayman uncovers is the maddening irony of intelligence: that "scientific" efforts to lessen intelligence to a unmarried, ordinal volume have persisted--and every now and then captured our cultural imagination--not as a result of their clinical legitimacy, yet due to their longstanding political charm. the idea in a usual highbrow order used to be pervasive in "scientific" and "political" suggestion either on the founding of the Republic and all through its nineteenth-century Reconstruction. And whereas we're this day officially dedicated to the suggestion of equality less than the legislation, our tradition keeps its vital trust within the traditional inequality of its individuals. for that reason, Hayman argues, the promise of a real equality should be discovered in basic terms whilst the mythology of "intelligence" is debunked--only, that's, once we realize the decisive function of tradition in defining intelligence and growing intelligence adjustments. simply tradition may give desiring to the assertion that one person-- or one group--is smarter than one other. And purely tradition offers our motivation for asserting it.

With a willing wit and a pointy eye, Hayman highlights the inescapable contradictions that come up in a society devoted either to liberty and to equality and strains how the ensuing tensions occur themselves within the methods we conceive of id, group, and merit.

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